Using the Niigata Action Plan as its point of departure, the purpose of the APIP is to share knowledge and data associated with food security issues among APEC economies.
Good practices are best defined by the UN Food and Agricultural Organization as “any collection of specific methods that produce results that are in harmony with the values of the proponents of those practices” (FAO, http://www.fao.org/ag/wfe2005/glossary_en.htm). According to the FAO, within agriculture, good practices “applies available knowledge to addressing environmental, economic and social sustainability for on-farm production and post-production processes resulting in safe and healthy food and non-food agricultural products”. For the APIP, such good practices include the following elements, which are intended to uphold the purpose of the APIP, and APEC: the enhancement of food production, measures to agricultural disaster, research and studies, promotion of rural areas, usages and managements of water resource, facilitation of food and agricultural trade, improvements of agribusiness environment, improvements of food chain and food safety measures.
The enhancement of food production is critical to increased food security. Activities, policies and programs that are aimed at the enhancement of food production within the region include cooperation between/among APEC economies and other economies, technology transfers and workshops, the sustainable use of fisheries resources, and mitigation in food losses (post-harvest handling).
Agricultural disasters must be avoided where possible, and mitigated against when they do occur. Key measures to agricultural disaster include the prevention of trans-boundary plants and animal diseases, and the disaster prevention/mitigation and support for disaster.
Research and studies form part of the good practices as knowledge generation and knowledge-sharing are critical to ensuring the outcomes of the Niigata Plan of Action. Activities include studies on climate change and foods security, training and workshops on agricultural and biological research for developing economies, and sustainable food production system under climate change.
Rural areas are intrinsic to agriculture and food security, and their management and promotion is essential. Water Resource and Farmers-Participatory Irrigation Management is a critical good practice in this regard.
With demand increasing, water has become an increasingly scarce resource, and the food security of all countries is dependent on the successful usage and management of this resource. Good practices that fall under the usage and management of water resources include workshops and joint research on the indigenous products market, pro-poor agricultural technology and strategy, and rural women-led new businesses.
Without the facilitation of trade in food and agricultural products, many of APEC’s goals can not be achieved. An important good practice within this element is the facilitation of workshops on the trade of food and agricultural products.
Improving the agribusiness environment can be considered to be a good practice because it can lead to greater food security. An important activity is the sharing of data on new plant varieties for granting plant breeders' rights.
By making improvements to the food chain and to food safety measures, member economies ensure global sustainable food security. Key elements include the establishment of food chain (related to the traceability of food and plant quarantines) and food safety plans and promotion for HACCP.